50th anniversary of the return of the three islands to Iran
Today is the holy day of Dey be-Din, the 15th of Azar of the year 3759 of Zoroastrian calendar, Tuesday, the 9th of Azar of 1400 official solar calendar, and November 30, 2021 AD.
On November 30, 1971, the Iranian navy recaptured the Iranian islands of Abu Musa, greater Tumb, and Lesser Tumb, and annexed them back to the Iranian kingdom, and the Iranian flag was hoisted over the highest peak of Abu Musa.
At 6:15 a.m. on November 4, one day before the British troops left the Persian Gulf, Iranian naval units landed on three islands in the Strait of Hormuz (Greater Tunb and Lesser Tunb, and Abu Musa). The first Iranian flag was raised on the first island less than 5 minutes after the start of the operation. At around 3 o’clock, the Iranian flag was raised together with the 21 cannon fire. This news was announced by the then Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda in the opening session of the national assembly.
Part of the Iranian forces raised the Iranian national tricolor flag on the four corners of Abu Musa and the top of Halva Mountain as the highest point of the island. After being sent to the Greater Tunb Island, another part of the Iranian forces took over the outpost peacefully and without carrying any weapons. Due to lack of coordination between the Sheikh of Sharjah and the local police of the Greater Tumb Island, three Iranian soldiers were shot inside the outpost and died dastardly. The names of the three martyrs of our homeland are: life guards Capt. Reza Suzanchi, the first Petty Officer. Habibollah Kahrizi and Seaman. Ayatollah Khani. On Abu Musa Island, the brother of Sharjah’s Amir welcomed Iranian units and officials. Thus, after nearly 80 years, when the policy of colonialism, contrary to the absolute historical rights, had prevented the exercise of Iranian sovereignty over these islands, after continuous negotiations, these islands were once again brought under the righteous rule of Iran.
Even during the Qajar period and during the reign of Reza Shah, the Iranian government repeatedly declared its sovereignty over the Tunb and Abu Musa islands. For example, on February 24, 1390, the Foreign Ministry of Reza Shah Pahlavi’s government wrote a letter of protest to the British Ambassador in Tehran, protesting the raising of the British flag over the Abu Musa and Tunb islands. Abu Musa, Greater Tumb and lesser Tumb were part of Iran, under Shiraz provincial administration, until 1904 when British warships docked there for the first time. In that year the British occupied the islands and were protested by the then Iranian government. The problem of Iran during the Qajar period was the lack of adequate naval power. In the 1930s, after buying several ships from Italy, Iran drove the British out of several parts of the Persian Gulf, including “Basaido” in Qeshm.
Abu Musa with an area of 12 sqkm, Greater Tunb with 11 square kilometers, and Lesser Tunb with 2 square kilometers along with other Iranian islands in the Persian Gulf, are continuation of the Zagros faults in the waters of Iranian shores.
The fifteenth day of each month in the Zoroastrian calendar is called Dey be-Mehr. Three days in each Zoroastrian month is associated with the prefix “dey.” The eighth, fifteenth, and twenty-third days of the Zoroastrian month are known by the suffix of the day’s name to avoid mistakes; For example, the day after Dey be-Mehr is Mehr day.
Dey in Avestan is” Dathush,” which means God and Lord. Dey days of each month are days of public worship, going to the fire temple and sympathy, and rest days in Zoroastrianism.