Amordad News

Commemoration of World Human Rights Day

Translated by Shabboo Goi

Today is the holy day of Ard Izad and the month of Azar in the year 3759 Zoroastrian calendar, Friday, 19th of Azar of 1400 solar, and December 10, 2021 AD.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is an international treaty adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations in Paris on December 10, 1948. A day that is now celebrated worldwide as International Human Rights Day.

Three years after the founding of the United Nations, the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which aims to guarantee equal rights and freedoms for all people, was adopted on December 10, 1948. This declaration was a direct result of World War II and, for the first time, universally proclaims the rights that all human beings are entitled to. As a result, human rights are rights enjoyed by all human beings at all times and all places. Full text is published on the UN website.

Many of the basic principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1948, were taken from the Cylinder of Cyrus the Achaemenid, the first and oldest declaration of human rights. The clay tablet became an excellent prism for freedom and justice. The plaque was crucial to the extent that the then UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon cited the Cyrus Cylinder as the first human rights declaration. In 1971, the United Nations published it in six official languages, and a copy of the Cylinder was placed at United Nations Headquarters in New York City.

The Declaration of the Cyrus the Great’s Human Rights Includes Free Thought; Respect for the rights of human beings of all colors, races and beliefs and faiths; No looting, killing, destruction, captivity, coercion; also, order reconstruction of the ruins caused by war and even ruins that existed before the arrival of the Persians; renovation of the temples destroyed by “Nebonid”, the last ruler of Babylon, and no suppression of the defeated nation.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights contains thirty articles that set out the United Nations’ view of human rights. The provisions of this Declaration set out the fundamental civil, cultural, economic, political, and social rights that all human beings in every country should enjoy. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two protocols of choice. In 1966, the General Assembly passed two more detailed bills. It became international law in 1976 when several nations ratified the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The contents of the declaration were deemed necessary by many scholars and have the validity of international law because it is widely accepted and used to measure the behavior of countries. Many newly independent states have observed the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and included them in their basic rules or constitutions.

The current general structure of this Universal Declaration was formed in the second draft prepared by René Cassin. Cassin prepared this draft following the first draft written by John Peters Humphrey. The created structure, including the introduction of the basic principles, was influenced by the Napoleonic Code (French Civil Code).

The declaration consists of thirty articles: The introduction addresses the historical and social reasons that led to the need to write a proclamation.

Articles 1 and 2 form the basis of dignity, freedom, equality, and fraternity.

Articles 3 to 11 deal with other individual rights, such as the right to life and the prohibition of slavery.

Articles 6 to 11 refer to human rights law with provisions for defense in the event of a violation of the law.

Articles 12 to 17 deal with individual rights in society, “including matters such as the right to freedom of movement.”

Articles 18 to 21 deal with political, public, and psychological freedoms, including freedom of thought, opinion, religion, conscience, speech, and association.

Articles 22 to 27 emphasize individuals’ economic, social, and cultural rights, including the right to health.

Articles 28 to 30 also deal with the method of application of the declared laws and those that are not applicable.

The declaration emphasizes the rights of individuals in society. It declares that these materials should not be used in a manner contrary to the United Nations’ purposes.

Ard Izad, mentioned in Avesta as “Asha Vanghui”, is the 25th day of each month.  In the Yasht prayers “Ard Izad” is mentioned as the sister of the Ameshaspand’s. One of Avesta’s Yasht is called “Ard Yasht.” Ard Izad or “Art,” in Avesta, is “Ashi Vanguhi,” and means wealth, desire, and property, and also means “good and virtuous.”

In Avesta the 7th Yasht is for this deity. The guardianship of wealth and property is the responsibility of the deity. The teachings of Ashu Zartosht recommend peace for the inner self, along with wealth and fulfillment of wishes. Zoroastrians work hard to get what they want in the right way. This Yasht has 62 clauses.

In Avesta, Ashi Vanghui means wealth, desire and property, and in middle Persian it come as “Art”. The word “Vanghui” is adjective, meaning good. The composition of this word means Ashi fortunate, and it is in Middle Persian as Arshash Vang and Ashash Vang and Arshosh Vang and most Ashish Vang, which all mean Ashik right. Art or Ard is also middle Persian which has remained in the present Persian language. In dictionaries, Ard and arad are all mentioned. In the Gathas and other parts of the Avesta, art (ashi) is sometimes a single name meaning wealth and forgiveness and blessing and blessing and wages and interest and sometimes a unique name of the god who is the guardian of wealth and desires and property. The name of this god is mentioned in the Gathas. She is known as a female like Sefandarmaz, Anahid, and Chista (Angel of Knowledge).

In the material world, the wealth and glory of the pious are from this deity, and in the spiritual world and the last day, the reward of good deeds and the punishment of hideous acts will be done with her help. Some call her Ashish Vang; she increases the household’s honor and glory.  For, whoever is generous and gives to others, the same generosity will come back as increase in her/his wealth (as in Yasna 43, verse 12).

 

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