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Birthday of Dr. Gholam Hossein Ebrahimi Dinani; Iranian writer and philosopher

Translated by Shabboo Goli

Today is the blessed day of Khor Izad, month of Dey, in the year 3759 Zoroastrian calendar, Anniversary of the death of Ashu Zarathushtra, the Aryan messenger who preached monotheism; Sunday, 5th of Dey, 1400 and December 26, 2021

Dr. Gholam Hossein Ebrahimi Dinani, writer, philosopher, and faculty member of the Faculty of Literature, University of Tehran, was born on 26 December 1934 in Isfahan. This contemporary scholar and philosopher is famous for reviving the philosophy of enlightenment and reading out the philosophies of ancient Iran. He is also known as the “Philosopher of Dialogue.”

Dr Danini is a philosopher whose views are exclusive to him; he has studied in the seminary and university for many years and has exceptional knowledge and mastery in Eastern and Western philosophy. But he looks at the world through the window of an Islamic philosopher. He divides this arrangement of Western and Eastern philosophers not by geography or type of religion, but by ash’arite and mu’tazilite. Though, as an Islamic philosopher he has been influenced by Poursina, Molla Sadra and Sohrevardi, he has had a lot of his own opinion about philosophy.  Dinani believes that everything is measured and understood by reason, even man’s understanding of God. Dinani holds a Ph.D. in Islamic Philosophy, is a founding member and member of the board of trustees; director of the Islamic philosophy department of the Iranian Philosophy Research Institute; also member of the high council of Science of the Islamic encyclopedia.

This famous professor believes in reason and wisdom as the criteria for measuring and understanding matters. He can be considered a “rationalist” philosopher who believes in enlightenment and, at the same time, is a metaphysical philosopher and a transcendent philosopher who is familiar with all aspects of mysticism. By looking at Dr. Dinani’s works, we can understand that the professor’s concern is more on the issues of ontology and epistemology of philosophy, and by quoting the sayings of Islamic scholars as much as he can, he has shown what ontology and epistemology are in the view of Islamic scholars.

Next to teaching, researching and investigating in the field of philosophy, Dr Dinani has also written lasting works, such as the book “Unity of Existence and Single Existence,” which is the text of Dr. Dinani’s dissertation. It was prepared in 1968 for a master’s degree and was unveiled in November 2019. This book has an essential feature: the author, in dialogue with the text and the philosopher. He has written the text in a manner as though the philosopher is alive and in discussion with him.

Another of his books is “The Book of reason and the manifestation of love” (3 volumes). The content is a message showing the connections between the two fundamental elements of human existence, namely intellect and perception on the one hand and love and emotion on the other. In this book the author considers love as the result of deep understanding of the intellect and desire as the result of deep knowledge. He believes that there is no conflict between the two, and none denies the other; instead, true love can exist through reason and wisdom.

“General Philosophical Rules in Islamic Philosophy “(three volumes),” The Story of Philosophical Thought in the Islamic World “(three volumes),” The existence of a link and independent in Islamic philosophy “: Anyone who wants to understand Islamic philosophy should read this book. “Radius of Thought and Intuition in Suhrawardi Philosophy,” “Names and Attributes of Truth,” “Philosopher’s Prayer,” “Jewish Philosophers and a Great Problem,” “Philosophy and the Domain of Speech,” “The Riddle of Time and the Occurrence of the World,” “Belief in a Thought” are among other books of Dr Gholam Hossein Ebrahimi Dinani.

Dinani has participated in numerous seminars and conferences at home and abroad and has written many articles and works in philosophy and theology. He has received the Iran Book of the Year award three times. Selection as a permanent figure in the field of philosophy in the first conference of permanent figures in 2001 is one of the other honors of this scholar.

Salute to the fravahar of benefactors and the pure souls

The fifth of December is the anniversary of the death of the messenger of the three virtues

Khor Izad Day, in the month of Dey, according to the current Iranian calendar, is the anniversary of the death of Ashu Zarathushtra Spitama, the great messenger with whom, as friends and foes agree, the history of monotheism in the world begins, with its teachings and perceptions.

According to what is mentioned in the “Ayadgar-i Zariran,” an epic from the Parthian era, and the book “Zadspram,” Ashu Zarathushtra and a number of his companions were killed by the Turanians in the Balkh fire temple on this day.

Khor or Hoor, meaning the sun, is the eleventh day of each month in the Zoroastrian calendar. In the Gathas khowankhor means the sun, in Avesta it is written as hor, and in the ancient Persian it is hor or khorshid. Horakhshita is mentioned next to Khowarashta in the Gathas without ashta. Khorasan is also one of the ancient names and the name of the eastern lands. It was also called Khor-asan meaning “rising” (of the same sun).

 

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