The earth has opened its mouth to devour a millennial history
Landslide in various parts of Iran, especially in historical areas and the fear of irreparable damage to the structures and monuments of these areas has been the concern of sympathizers and cultural activists in recent years. Anxiety that sometimes fades in the ups and downs of time and the emergence of untimely events such as coronation.
Now, an ecological activist has expressed his sorrow that Fars province is still a record holder for the problem of land subsidence in Iran, and due to the drying up of its important wetlands, it has become the center of wind erosion in southern Iran, which will lead to country’s difficulties.
Mohammad Darvish, who had traveled to Fars to attend a three-day specialized tour of Arsanjan tourism and wetland research, told reporters that Fars province was seriously exposed to dust storms and an increase in leukemia due to the drying up of its wetlands, especially the two famous wetlands of Bakhtegan and Parishan.
According to ISNA, and quoting the Arsanjan Association of Environmentalists, Darvish said: “Continuous droughts and uncontrolled drawing of water resources from well and rural pumps in the plains of Arsanjan, Kharameh, Fasa, Jahrom, Darab, Estahban and other important places It has become a province
Fars Center for wind erosion in the south of the country
Darvish said: “Fars has become an important center of wind erosion in southern Iran today and there is no serious and demanding group of researchers or any spontaneous and popular movement in the field of ecology and regeneration (revitalization) of the province’s lakes at the level of schools, universities, councils and organizations.” There is no supporter of nature and wetlands in Shiraz, Fars province, to confront or investigate the causes of the destruction of lakes and animal habitats.
The former director of the Department of Environment emphasizes that Fars Province can educate Iranians to protect the environment, especially in the field of preservation of places such as historical complexes, lagoons and lakes, and said that “looking at environmental values is like comparing them with the indepth values of life: impossible to trade”.
This national environmental activist stated that in no province of the country, except Fars, are there 18 protected regions and we do not know all this climatic diversity, reminded: Such climatic diversity requires interested and enthusiastic Iranian people and Iranian youth to acknowledge its invaluable assets existing close to important centers of income generation and employment, such as Persepolis, Naqsh-e-Rostam and Pasargad, to know and try to preserve and keep them alive.
Mismanagement is the first culprit in creating ecological difficulties
The ecosystem activist said: “The first-line defendant in the field of water crisis, soil erosion and destruction of wetlands is mismanagement, and considering the record of Fars in various natural and unnatural crises such as drought and land subsidence, this issue should not be ignored or easily.” It passed.
Darvish said: the landslide in the two cities of Fasa and Jahrom in Fars province with a depth of 54 cm, is still progressing and it is unfortunate that these landslides are in the oldest birthplace in the history of Iran; We are also witnessing in the plains of Marvdasht and Pasargad and in historical collections such as Naqshrostam and Persepolis and Pasargad and Arsanjan.
He said: “One of the largest sinkholes in Fars appeared in Estahban, and because of the large number of protected areas and forest parks that display the high potential of Fars and its cultural and religious background, this should not be the situation.”
Darvish stated: “All crises, including drought and dehydration, can be controlled.” He added: “Unfortunately, under the pretext of self-sufficiency some people are cultivating wheat, rice, watermelon and summer vegetables that consume a lot of water, without considering the serious problem of shortage of water in the area, and on top of this they celebrate self-sufficiency in agricultural products.”
Sinkholes: biggest danger for Persepolis
He said: “Iran is one of the top 5 countries in the world in terms of tourist attractions, but in terms of revenues from tourism, the lower ranks belong to Iran. The question is why with such powerful tourism attractions as Persepolis and other world heritage sites and many other capabilities we should witness such a situation?!
Darwish added: “These sinkholes are enough to swallow 2500 years of Persepolis history, the earth around the Achaemenid capital has opened its mouth and, red siren is sounded for the presence of tourists in this area after the pandemic, and I do not understand why some people are so calm and indifferent towards this most important issue.” ; What does it mean that there are a lot of illegal wells and sinkholes and this subsidence in the area of historical monuments, and this first and second-degree privacy of Persepolis? However, one of the UNESCO rules for the global registration of monouments in its list is the protection of the privacy of them.
Iran’s representative in the UNESCO World Environment Committee said: “According to national and international laws, any encroachment on the privacy of world monuments, especially the privacy of first and second degree, is prohibited.” While appreciating Dr Fadaie and his colleagues in managing the Parseh and Pasargad World Complexes, it should be noted that the maintenance of Persepolis is still insufficient.
“The culprit is not a particular person or manager, but all of us who do not pay enough attention to it,” he said. A few years ago, various cracks appeared only in the eastern part of this magnificent Achaemenid building, but on this trip and after a long time, I see more of these cracks, as in the east, west and south of Persepolis, there are also signs of cracks. The earth is seen.
No force can control the destructive force of the Persian plains
Darvish continued: “In my opinion, as the least expert in the field of environment and natural resources, more than anything else, the death of a plain like Marvdasht, which has unique monuments such as Persepolis and Naghsh-e Rostam and the role of Rajab and the historical city of Istakhr and, quickly It is approaching that these excessive withdrawals of groundwater under the pretext of self-sufficiency in wheat, In the past 25 years, excessive drawing of groundwater, as a pretext for self-sufficiency in wheat cultivation, and making this province the largest wheat producers, has caused such a grave problem.
Darvish continued: “No more can any power control the destructive force of the plains. When we built dams in Kor and Sivand watersheds, bigger than the required capacity, we should have thought about such a crisis. In addition to Dorodzan, built the Mulla Sadra and Sivand dams and destroyed Bakhtegan; despite all the problems and warnings, the area of paddy fields in Camphiroz has increased from 30,000 hectares to more than 130,000 hectares, even at the height of drought and drought.
Darvish considered the urgent need to make a local and national resolution to make out an emergency plan to save the Marvdasht plain. He said that the Ministry of Energy should take serious steps and find a way to control water extraction in this region, and so on, have all seriously damaged this plain.
He talked about land subsidence on the eastern slope of Mount Rahmat and near the porch of Ghadmagah in Arsanjan and said: The slope of Mount Rahmat and on the eastern side of the plateau of Takht-e Jamshid, there are brick buildings called the treasury of Dariush. As Mr. Fadaei has said before, the landslide is more pronounced in the area of Persepolis, and the problem in Pasargadae is not as obvious as the Achaemenid capital. But we must always monitor wells and the state of subsidence in those areas as well.
Darvish added: “The cracks in Naqsh-e Rostam are doing more harm than the sinkholes in Persepolis, but few people are paying attention to them. This problem initially threatened the whole of Naqsh-e Rostam Mountain, where the tomb of Xerxes is situated, but a larger crack has been created at the foot of the world heritage site, which cultural heritage activists say is the result of declining groundwater aquifers. But it is not just the holes that have decided to destroy the 2,500-year history of the system; but tracers and the ugly phenomenon of vandalism and memoirs are also considered a danger to such monuments.
The ecologist added: “Miners have also endangered the preservation of world monuments with explosions in the mountains near the historical monuments of Marvdasht, Arsanjan and Pasargad;” The principal solution to the crisis that has gripped the region for 2,500 years is to fill new unlicensed wells (: permits) and prevent uncounted slaughter and book crops such as rice and saffron. We have fully warned the people and the authorities of the dangers posed by droughts, landslides, potholes and cracks, and they themselves know better than us what to do.