Human Fravaheri: The texture of rationalisms in the message of Zarthustra to the Human Society
Mobed Human Fravahari: Zarathushtra, the wise man, is the first to spread the message of rationalism among the human society.
The following is a report from the speech of Hooman Fravahri, a researcher of Iranian culture, at the meeting of the Iranshahr Center of Allameh Tabataba’i University on “Zoroastrism and the ancient customs of Nowruz”. The meeting was held in collaboration with Amordad in an Instagram live program on the birth anniversary of Ashu Zarathushtra, the Aryan messenger. Mobad Hooman Fravahri, a researcher in Iranian culture, referring to the study of worldviews, said: “By studying worldviews, it is seen that the belief in the wisdom of Zoroaster is a unique belief that exists in the whole world.” He stated: “As many researchers have come to know, in ancient Iran, there were 33 natural powers (or energies) that were believed to be ruling the world. These energies have been symbols of the customs, music, flowers and, in a way, a repetition of their names to achieve peace. Mobad Fravahri stated that there are 101 names of God in the ancient inscriptions in Avesta, and said: “Each of them has a voice and a mantra related to the 33 energies of the universe, and our ancestors knew this structure of the energies of the universe.”
This researcher of Iranian culture pointed out: the people of Iran worshipped the energies of nature, and never worshipped idols. Mobad Fravahri, stating that at one time one of the energies was chosen as the king of the God of those Gods, said: “Mehr is the most powerful of them, this energy has a bond with the king of the holy God and has sacred commands and words.”
He added: “The Kirpans were those who spread ignorance and this ignorance includes the rituals and idols of the holy king god which his representatives on the earth perform.” They had strong rituals and unusual sacrifices, and they developed thought structures for the people, according to which it was said that the followers had no right to think and just should perform those rituals like true earthly servants.
This researcher stated that this ideology belonged to pre-Zoroastrianism that had many branches and Zurvan was one of them and the most powerful king/god, which is recorded in the legends of the middle ages (the Sassanid period is referred to as middle ages) and has remained for us.
He said: “Many believe that Zurvanism has its roots in the Sassanid era, but I don’t think so, because Ashu Zarathushtra talks about not giving value to Zurvan.”
He added: ‘We are talking about a very ignorant environment where the primitive human being do not exist. They are people who worship king/gods; and there is a school, and there are misleadings and government orders and before Zoroaster were prophet-like kings. He pointed out: Ashu Zarathushtra does not interfere in the structure of do’s and don’ts and the manner of human beings and says that he provides people with a ruler and worldview.
This researcher of Iranian culture, stating that the worldviews before Zarathushtra are based on the relationship with the king/god, he said: “In the part where the structure of time and good and bad have reached the middle ages and have been nurtured, therefore we see the battle between good and bad and the demons with the angels and the people are told not to think about the essence of existence or about the god that is in the skies and we are his earthly servants.
Saying that Zoroaster brings rationalism in such an atmosphere, he said: “Many philosophers and scientists such as Russell and Heidegger believe that Zarathushtra is the first person to bring the message of the structure of rationalism to human society.” Fravahri, stating that Ashu Zarathushtra looks at the matter intelligently, said: “In ontological dialogues, he sees the phenomena of existence as structures that human beings must discover, and the first thing they must find is themselves. He says that there not good or bad in them, and everything outside of existence is good. Saying that we cannot separate any human being from our society, he said: When Zarathushtra talks about the ignorant human being, he says that true teachers should inform the ignorant human being by spreading knowledge.
This researcher of Iranian culture pointed out: in the inscriptions of middle Persia, it says that Ahura Mazda has created everything so that the devil is fully removed from the universe.
He described the three worldviews as the king/god philosophy, Zurvan and Zoroastrian rationalism. He added: “The philosophy of Zarathushtra is that the body has no value and in the Iranian worldview, especially Zarathushtra himself, the body is that from which the soul goes out, so that the body must be cleared up fast and taken out of life cycle and turned into particles of the life cycle again, in order to fit into the ecosystem. Mobed Fravahari stated: “Ashu Zarathushtra could have taken people with him and taught them the way of living, but he did not do so. Instead, he put a ruler so that rationalism does not come down. There were people throughout history who became like Zarathushtra. This fact has caused a misunderstanding for researchers.
Referring to the division of days in a year he said: “The division of the 4 seasons into 30 days and 12 months and the 360 day cycle happened in the length of time that man started looking beyond the Earth, and at this time he now knows the rotation of the stars and starts to calculate the 30-day calendar. The concept of “day” existed before Zarathushtra. For example, when we prayed to God, so the day made sense and the concept of chronological structure has been with us in our lives.
He stated that Farvardin is the month of fravahars (spirits) and said: “Fravahar is inherently pure and has a psychological structure in the system of existence. We start the year and Nowruz with Fravahar because we believe that he is always with us and helps. fravahari pointed out that 99% of Zoroastrians live according to the same calendar that their ancestors lived with. For example, 7th of Farvardin is Amordad day.”
He said: “Nowruz is a day that our ancestors believed in and stood by it; it is still celebrated and lives on; blood has been shed to keep Nowruz, and many things have happened for the sake of Nowruz.”
Mobed Fravahari stated that in the days of our ancestors, in the moth of Esfand and from Sepandarmaz day onwards, the Nowruz traditions were performed and added: “In the month before Farvardin, the roofs and cellars and kitchen were swept and cleaned. On the first day of the small Panjeh (gathas) they start cooking small cookies, and grow greens. Anarom was the last day of the year.
He added: “At the end of the day, they would lit a fire, made thyme juice and sprinkled it everywhere, to let the old year go and the new year come.”
This researcher of Iranian culture, stating that the celebration of Farvardinegan is for the fravahrs, said: “According to religious beliefs, the age of human maturity is 15. Those who died at the age that a person becomes mature is 15. Those who died before 15, whatever sin they had committed, their parents had to be accountable for their parents.” The celebration of Farvardinegan is unique for the dead of fravahrs, who worship and celebrate God on this day.
This article is chosen from the report of Adyan News (Radna)