The Bahram Fire Temple of Yazd with its Ancient Burning Fire
Yazd Fire Temple, a historical site and a Zoroastrian site, with its 1,500-year-old fire, is one of the national historical attractions that hosts tourists from all over the world every year, especially on Nowruz.
The fire temple of Yazd, a valuable historical structure, has been home to the Verahram fire (Bahram fire). The bilding of the fire temple, though its construction dates back to about 90 years ago, keeps a fire that has been burning for more than 1500 years. This fire was kept lit for many, many years and is now kept in the Yazd Fire Temple. The value of this fire temple is because of its ancient fire. It is said to have been burning and protected for 1530 years. The fires of the two fire temples of Adur Gushnasp, and Adur Burzin-Mihr were extinguished during the invasion of Iran by the Arabs. The fire of the 4rd fire temple (Adur farnbag) was protected from being extinguished by the order of Yazdgerd III, the last Sassanian king.
The sacred fire of the Yazd Fire Temple was first brought from the Adur Farnbag fire temple of Pars to the Haft Azar village, later called the Village of Haft-Adur, near Aqda, where it was kept for 700 years. From there, it moved to Turkabad in Ardakan. After being held in the Segeft Yazdan cave for 300 years, they brought it to Yazd. It was first kept in the house of one of the great clerics named “Mobad Tirandaz Azargoshasb.” In 1313, after constructing the new building of this fire temple, the fire was moved inside. The “Fire of Bahram” is kept inside a large brass firebox in a particular room, in the middle of the fire temple building and above ground level, away from wind, rain, and sunlight.
The funds for building this fire temple, which was built in 1313 (1934 AD) came from a Parsi Zoroastrian lady from India by the name of Homa Bai. It was built on a piece of land that was donated by a few Iranian Zoroastrians, one of them being the Amanat brothers, in the name of their father, Ardeshir rostam Amanat, and under supervision of Arbab Jamshid Amanat. This structure was listed as a national heritage on 11th September 1999.
Yazd Fire Temple has two separate entrances, one for Zoroastrians and the other for public entry. The main entrance is located on Kashani Street. After getting a ticket from the back door room, you will enter the courtyard of the fire temple. The first thing you see is a large pond in the middle of the yard, and front of the fire temple building, reflecting the view of the fire temple building. The courtyard is surrounded by tall, evergreen pine and cypress trees. Cypress is a symbol of pride, sincerity and ever greenness.
The pond in front of the building is a symbol of the brook or spring that always existed next to the building of historical fire temples of Iran (such as the ancient fire temples of Adur Farnbag, Adur Gushnasp). Since the intention was to have all four elements (water, wind, earth and fire) together in one place, therefore the pond was constructed to represent the brook or spring of water. The main building of the fire temple has a porch with the image of “Faravahr.” As you climb the stairs, you pass by tall and elegant stone pillars. These stone columns were carved by the most famous stonemason of Isfahan (Rezvan Shahr).
Like other holy Zoroastrians shrines, for entering this shrine certain customs, such as being clean and wearing hats or scarfs for men and women are followed. The Yazd Fire Temple is located in Yazd Province, on Ayatollah Kashani Street in Yazd, in the Fire Temple Alley. Because of the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19, visitors cooperate with the staff by wearing masks, keeping the physical distance, and hygiene practices. Yazd fire temple is one of the sites that is protected and maintained by Yazd Zoroastrian Association. Nowruz 1400
Photos by Sarvar Dehmobad