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Today is Dey be-Din Izad, the twenty-third day of the Zoroastrian calendar; Khordad 21

The Death Anniversary of Mohammad Khazaeli, Founder of the Iran Association for the Blind

The Death anniversary of Mohammad Khazaeli, Founder of the Iran Association for the Blind

Today is the holy day of Dey be-Din, 23th of Khordad of the year 3759 of Zoroastrian calendar, 21th of Khordad of 1400 official solar calendar, and June 21, 2021 AD.

June 21, 1974, Dr. Mohammad Khazaeli, founder of the “Iran Association for the Guidance and Support of the Blind” and the “School for the Blind Adult,” passed away in Tehran.

When he was 18 months old, Khazaeli contracted smallpox and lost his eyesight, but he continued his education by memorizing the lessons taught in school and university and continued his studies in literature and law until his doctorate. He was nicknamed “genius Mohammad”.  He was fluent in the Persian, Arabic, French and english languages. He spent most of his life improving the situation of the blind in Iran and organizing several educational centers for the blind, and writing numerous magazines and books are among his services. He worked hard to make the students who could see, literate, but at the same time worked on making the blind educated. He was the first to establish the Iranian Association for the Guidance and Support of the Blind and then the School for the Blind Adult. In 1932, Mohammad Khazaeli founded the Khazaeli School in Arak and founded numerous Khazaeli schools in Tehran, all of which he managed himself. He is the founder of the first night school in Iran. In addition to teaching in schools, he also taught Persian literature in higher education centers of the country and wrote 39 valuable books during 62 years of his very valuable life, most of which he spent teaching in universities and schools.

There were no special facilities and schools for the education of the blind, so Mohammad Khazaeli, born in Arak, 1913, went to one of the regular schools of the time and at the age of 7 sent to Sheikh Hossein Madani’s school. For learning Qur’an, he went to the sheikh for a while, and one day, he said to his father: “My teacher misreads the Qur’an!” and that was his first critique of the educational system.  His father understood that that school was not good enough for his son, so he founded the first school in Arak, which he named Samsamieh, and sent him to this school. At that school, lessons were read to him, and he learned them with his excellent memory. At the age of 12, he memorized the Qur’an, and if a verse were recited to him, he would immediately recite it. One of his classmates quoted: “When they went out for a walk and play, he asked them to show them the inscriptions on the tombstones, and by touching them, he became familiarized with different forms of Persian letters.” He was always the top student in elementary school, and despite his blindness, he did not face many problems and passed the sixth grade of elementary school with a grade of A.

He never stopped studying and continued learning Arabic literature, ancient philosophy, Irfan, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence, Al-Milal wa al-Nihal, Islamic scholastic theology, and history of Islam. Then he moved to Tehran, and despite the many difficulties he faced, he participated in the university entrance exam. Finally, in 1945, he succeeded in getting a bachelor’s degree with the rank of the top student from the Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies of the University of Tehran, and he was honored to receive a scientific medal. He also received a bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Law in 1946 and the Faculty of Literature in 1950. In 1953, he received a doctorate in Persian literature and, in 1957, a degree in jurisprudence from the Faculty of Law, University of Tehran.

Dr. Khazaeli passed away in Tehran on June 11, 1974, after a week of coma, and was buried in Behesht Zahra.

Like Dey-be-Mehr and Dey-be-Azar, this day has the name of the creator, and one of the holidays of the month.  It was a day of rest and a day of public prayers, in ancient Iran.

The twenty-third day in the Zoroastrian religious calendar is called Dey-be-Din. Dey means the creator. In the calendar of ancient Iran, except for the first day of each month, which is called Ormazd day, there are three other days for Ahura Mazda which are written as “Dey”.  and three days in each month called “Dey”  and in order to distinguished them from each other the name of the day coming after each of these “Dey’s” are put in front on it, for example, Dey-be-Azar, Dey-be-Mehr and Dey-be din.” In Avestan literature, Dey refers to Ahuramazda, whose name has been repeated many time in a month.  In Avesta, the colleagues of Ahura Mazda are called Ormazd avagah – sey dey vispah sham.

Dey is one of the names of Ahura Mazda, and in Avesta, it is in the adjective form of Dathush or Dadush or Dazhu and means creator.

On the eighth, fifteenth, and twenty-third days of Dey month, a monthly celebration is held because the name of these days equaled the month’s name. In Zoroastrianism, the symbol of this day is the “Shanblaid” flower.


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