The Stone Structure from the Buyid Dynasty was Unearthed
Some archeological guess work on the western wing of the Toghrol Tower in the Rey City, during excavations of cultural/historical structure that is believed to belong to the Seljuk period.
As reported by Aria Heritage and the public relations department of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Research Institute, Reza Salmanpour, head of the Archeological Department gave the news on June 12, 2021: “While implementing the Sadough Park project by Tehran Municipality’s renovation Organization on the western side of the historic Toghrol tower, in the city of Rey, during the years 2020-21, and running into cultural and historical artifacts during excavations in the area, archeological guess work was needed to determine the status of historic settlements.” Therefore, with the permission of the research institute, and the support of the Tehran Municipality Renovation Organization, excavation in this place was in their working schedule. He said that the project intends to clarify the status of the settlement layers in the area located on the western front of Toghrol Tower, document the available cultural evidence, make it possible to determine the property assignment, and use the information collected in additional archaeological studies of the region and country.
Explaining the method of work, head of the archeological board reminded that the archeological speculation program on the western side of Toqrol Tower was conducted in the form of field research and library studies: “Due to the excavation and construction of the park space on the surface, most of the artifacts are located below the surface of the parking space, and only in parts of the middle of the gardens, where the construction operations had not been completed yet, the hypothesis was made which will be discussed below.
He added: “Based on this, five hypotheses were created on the north, south, and west sides of the park, and after the initial clearing of the selected areas to a depth of about 4 meters, digging and excavation was carried out. The two hypotheses were created in the dimensions of 1.5 × 1.5 m2, and two boreholes were made in the sizes of 4.4 m2. ”
While describing the area Salmanpour said: “This area was located under residential and school buildings, based on the environmental improvement project of the Tehran Municipality’s renovation Organization, to build a park, most of these buildings have been bought off and destroyed, and this space has now been converted into a park.”
He estimated the dimensions of this area at about 50 × 100 square meters and with an area of about 2000 square meters, which has been extended in the east-west direction, and before the implementation of the park project, this area was almost equal to the adjacent lands. However, after the operation, due to the construction of green space gardens and the need for excavation, parts of its surface were excavated to a height of about 1.5 meters.
Salmanpour pointed out that a school had been destroyed in the northeast corner, and the only shelter left from the war remained intact beneath its surface. The northern wall was demolished, and a large quantity of soil was removed.
He added: “Sadly, in this excavation, a large part of the works of a stone architecture was destroyed and removed, along with cultural evidence such as pottery.”
Head of the Archeological board pointed out that hypothesis No. 1 was located in the northeast corner of the study area, at a distance of 10 meters south of the street, 10 meters west of the mosque, and 20 meters east of hypothesis 2, and said: “At first the hypothesis extended in the north/south direction. But, with continuation of the work and clarification of evidence of architecture, its dimensions increased to almost 7.10 square meters. Therefore, the thickness of its works started from about 150 cm from the surface and continued up to 420 cm (around 250 cm thick), which continues below the surface of the park and Sadough Mosque.”
He stated: “in this hypothesis, aside from the remains of the architecture (wall, stairs, floor) belonging to the Buyid period, the remains of the stone structure with a thickness of about 3.5 m has also been found in the south/east corner of the trench. The thickness of this structure is yet not clear due to continuation of excavations, is not precisely apparent, and most of the structural sections are located under the areas made for the entertainment park in this section.
He wondered: “considering the importance of this structure next to Toghrol Tower and the support of Tehran Municipality Renovation Organization, with the continuation of support, the excavation should be extended in the eastern corner of the trench. And the architectural structure should determine carefully, and then with the municipality’s participation, build a historical museum site in the mentioned recreational-cultural space.”