Birthday of Arbab Keikhosrow Shahrokh; One of the most prominent figures in the history of Iran
Today is the blessed day of Aban Izad, 10 Tir in year 3759 of Zoroastrian calendar, Monday, 7 Tir, 1400, June 28, 2021 AD.
Keikhosrow Shahrokh was born in Kerman on Tir 7, 1254. From 1288 to 1319 (from the second to the eleventh term), he was a member of the National Assembly (seat of the Zoroastrian community) and a member of the Zoroastrian Association of Tehran. Arbab Keikhosrow is remembered as one of the most prominent figures of the Zoroastrian community in Iran and one of the well-known figures in the contemporary history of Iran.
From 1288 to 1319 (from the second to the eleventh term) Arbab Keikhosrow was member of the National Assembly, occupying the seat for the Zoroastrian community, and a member of the Zoroastrian Association of Tehran. He was famous for his healthy financial status and integrity. He built several schools and high schools and, in 1305, put the foundation of Ferdowsi tomb in on his work schedule. After constructing the tomb, by order of Foroughi – President of the National Monuments Association and then Prime Minister – he was responsible for holding the Ferdowsi Millennium in 1313. In 1309, Arbab Keikhosrow was assigned to the post as chief inspector of the Iranian railway. In 1312, he passed a law requiring courts to go by the laws of religious minorities in cases of marriage, divorce and inheritance. He was also a member of the Zoroastrian Association of Tehran. In 1295, he became the head of the telephone department and, for the first time, he chose the German company Siemens, as suppliers of the country’s telephone system and signed a contract with them.
Arbab Keikhosrow was born in a Zoroastrian family in Kerman. His father, Shahrokh Zartoshti, died when he was a child. After his father died, his mother turned to weaving in order to support him and his brother. As a child, he worked as a laborer and at the same time studied literacy in the Zoroastrian school of Kerman.
At the age of 12, he went to Tehran. In Tehran, he attended an American boarding school and, at the same time, worked in an American hospital. At the age of 16, he traveled to India with his savings for a year and continued his studies at the Mumbai Academy of Arts. At the age of 21, he was appointed as principal of the Zoroastrian school of Kerman by the Parsi Punchayat and returned to Kerman to participate in the Zoroastrian cultural and social activities. These included the construction of three girls ‘schools, two boys’ schools, and a high school called the Zoroastrian National High School. Arbab Jamshid Jamshidian donated land in Farmootan and Mahaleh to build these schools.
Foundation of the Tehran fire Temple (Tehran’s only fire temple), school construction in Kerman, Firooz Bahram and Iraj schools in Tehran, Construction of Ferdowsi tomb with money gathered from salaries of members of parliament (at his suggestion), establishment of the National Assembly’s library, Parliament’s printing house, and promoting Persian as the written language of the parliament, are among his deeds.
After 65 years of invaluable life in the service of his fellow Zoroastrians and his fellow countrymen, Keikhosrow Shahrokh was assassinated in the eve of the 11th of Tir 1319, in a suspicious manner in the Sezavar alley of Kakh Street. He was one of the men in our history that left behind a good name in the political and cultural scene of the country of those days, and will live on as an immortal.
Water is the source of life; mankind established the first urban dwelling next to springs and rivers; and thus development began, and he then started praising God. Aban, another name for the Aredvi Sura Anahita (Anahita), symbolizes the pure and running waters on earth and the guardian of purity and clearness in the universe. Anahita has a valuable place in Persian mythology, so our ancestors built shrines along rivers and running water to celebrate water, an example of which still stands in Kangavar, Kermanshah, and Bishapour.
The tenth day of the month is called Aban Izad in the Mazdyasni calendar. The name of the eighth month of the solar year and the name of the tenth day of each Zoroastrian month is called Aban. In Avestan language it is called “ap”, in the ancient Persian language “api” and in the contemporary Persian “ab”. In Avesta ap is often referred to as the guardian angel of water (ab) and is usually written in the plural form.
Aban is the Persian name of the Izad of waters or Anahita. In Avesta (Aredvi Sura Anahita) means powerful and pure (pollutant free) river. Anahita is the abbreviation of the Avestan word, is the name of the goddess representing these flowing waters, and the Yasht in Avesta in praise of this deity is called Aban Yasht.
Water is one of the four elements and is highly regarded by Iranians, and our ancestors had special praise for water, so that they built fire temples near springs and streams to give praise to both the Izad of fire (ador) and the Izad of water (Aban), these two useful creations of Ahura.
In ancient Iran, polluting the water was considered a great sin, so bridges were built on rivers in order not to make the water muddy when passing from it. Iranians also poured water and washed themselves to wash their bodies in a container called an “abzan” that was the size of a human body. The Abzan is something like a bathtub that we use these days.