In the latest research excavations at the national heritage side of the historical Espahbod Khorshid cave, and its related works, a Sassanid four-arched fire temple was found on the Tappeh Kola Arfa in the Savadkuh County.
Head of the national heritage site of the historical cave of Espahbod Khorshid announced the discovery of a chartaqi structure used as a fire temple, on Tapeh Kola Arfa Deh, Savadkuh county.
Mehdi Abedini, the head of the Archaeological Board, announced the news on June 21, 2021: “This project has started since the beginning of this month and is being carried out with permission from the research institute, in tappeh Kola, Arfa Deh.”
He added: “This excavation has been planned in line with the research activities of the National Heritage Site of the historical Espahbod Khorshid cave and its related works.”
The head of the national heritage base of the historical Espahbod Khorshid cave continued: ” “During excavations on the hill in Arfa Deh village, in Savadkuh, a building with a structure similar to the chartaqi structures of the Sassanid era, that existed in other parts of the empire, has been found.”
He added that this building has about 300 sqm and is made of stone and brick material, with the dimension of 8X48X48 cm, and stated: “Fire place decorated with plaster was discovered in the center of the building, which proves the religious use of this building.”
Referring to the architectural and pottery evidences in the fire temples, which showed that it was used until the 3rd century AH, and there are additions to it in several stages, he said: “This monument is located 5 km away from the historical Espahbod Khorshid cave, and part of the complex of buildings related to Espahbodan Tabarestan is located in this part of Savadkuh. ” Abedini said: “Since this area is located in the center of the village of Arfa Deh, there is the possibility of damage and destruction, and the purpose of this archaeological excavation will be to correctly identify the surviving layers and architectural works and register them in the list of national monuments and buy this place from the owner of the land. “