On such a day the first Iranian students were sent abroad
Today is the blessed day of Farvardin Izad, the 19th of Tir of the year 3759 of Zoroastrian calendar, Wednesday, 17th Tir of 1400 official solar calendar, and July 7, 2021 AD.
On this day, July 7, 1811, during the reign of Fath Ali Shah Qajar, the government of Iran sent two Iranians to England as students.
Abbas Mirza, the favorite crown prince of Fath Ali Shah, had a tragic destiny. During his 46 years of Life, This Qajar prince did a lot to change the disorderly situation in Iran. One of his most valid steps, which remained unknown, was to send the first Iranian students to study in Europe. By the beginning of the Russo-Persian War, Abbas Mirza and his wise minister Mirza Bozorg Ghaem Magham (Ghaem Magham Farahani’s father) realized the severe academic backwardness of Iran from the modern world of that day. Therefore, in those chaotic years of war, Abbas Mirza initially tried to send a few students to europe with the help of Count Gardane and the government of France, but when the unity between Iran and France was broken this decision did not materialize, and finally, in 1190 (official Iranian solar calendar) + 1811 AD, two students by the names of Mohammad Kazem, the son of a painter, the head of the ruler, and Haji Baba Afshar, son of a painter in the king’s court and Haji Baba Afshar, the son of one of the late commanders of Abbas Mirza, were sent to London in the company of the British ambassador to study painting and medicine. Four years later, in 1815, Abbas Mirza sent five men to England with Colonel Darcy. These people were as follows: Mirza Saleh Kazeruni Shiraz for learning foreign languages (French, English, and Latin), Mirza Seyed Jafar for Medicine, Mirza Reza for artillery engineering, and Master Mohammad Ali Chakhmaqsaz for lock and key making.
The education of all these people ended by 1820 AD, and they all returned to Iran and started educating new students. After Abbas Mirza, Amirkabir did an excellent service to the students by founding the Dar al-Fonun school, and they no longer had to spend their primary education abroad. They could finish their secondary education in Iran and then go abroad to continue their education.
The day “Farvardin”, which in Pahlavi is pronounced “Farvarten” is derived from the word “Afroratinam” in the ancient Persian language, and means the souls of the pure and “Faravahar”of the virtuous. Faravahar is a particle of the divine light placed in everyone’s body to guide the soul to the right path. Faravahar never absorbs corruption and after death of the body the faravahar soars up high and joins its source. The nineteenth day of the Zoroastrian calendar is called Farvardin, derived from faravahar, meaning promoter and advocate.
In ancient Iran it was believed that a particle of this divine light was given to every creature. This particle is pure and without corruption initially, and will always remain pure and will never take on any corruption and impurity.
The ancients believed that Faravahar was in fact, the soul of the dead and believed that the souls of the dead would return to earth in the first days of spring with their relatives.
Farvahar is a particle of the infinite existence of God and was embodied for the guidance of the soul after death, and joins its source, after death, with the same purity and innocence and is not contaminated with sin. Zoroastrians believe that in the being of every person, whether man or woman, rich or pure, there is a particle of the divine light called farvahar, and is the leading cause of our material and spiritual perfection. This Faravahar has separated from its origin, Ahuramazda, and resides in our bodies till we are alive. This divine power promotes us to high levels and takes us from the animal sand human state to the spiritual world. In the end, after going through spiritual stages, it takes us to the world of truth and unity and helps us connection with Ahuramazda.
The day “Farvardin”, which in Pahlavi is pronounced ‘Farvarten” is derived from the worth “Afroratinam” in the ancient persian language, and means the souls of the pure and faravahar of the virtuous. Though Farvardin comes from its root: Parvardin” and later turned into Farvardin (like Pars became Fars, Pirooz became firooz0. Farvardin is named the month for cultivating flowers, plants and trees because in this month nature starts growing once again.
Farvardin is the same as Faravahar. On this day Zoroastrian wear new clothes and visit their deceased’s graves.
Faravahar never accepts pollution, and after the death of the body, faravahar goes to the high road and joins his source. Zoroastrians wear new clothes on this day and commemorate their dead. The Amaranthus is a symbol of this day in Zoroastrianism.