At the 44th session of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee, the Oramanat / Huraman Cultural Landscape File was registered as Iran’s 26th historical and cultural heritage.
According to Amordad, citing the Aria Heritage News Agency, Oramanat/Huraman located in Kermanshah and Kurdistan province, has about 409,000 hectors of land and boundary, of which 106,000 hectors are related to the area land and 303,000 hectors are considered as boundary. The file was sent to UNESCO last year.
Huraman or Oramanat is the name of a historic region with stepped texture and exceptional customs and traditions, and include parts of Sarvabad, Sanandaj and Kamyaran cities in Kurdistan province and Ravansar, Paveh, Javanroud and Thalas Babajani towns in Kermanshah province. The main part of the cultural landscape of Huraman / Oramanat includes the valleys of Zhaveh Rud, Oraman Takht and Lahun.
There are about 700 villages in the Oramanat / Huraman area. In 1399 a field assessment of Huraman cultural landscape was done by a global ICOMOS evaluator.
Huraman region is a cultural region in the west of the country between Kurdistan and Kermanshah, which has soaring mountains and roaring rivers. These natural factors have formed valleys where the inhabitants of Huraman have lived in interaction with nature for thousands of years. This interaction can be found in stepped gardens, stepped architecture of nomadic life, original and authentic celebrations and customs, unique handicrafts from the region.
Huraman region has historical antiquity with ancient cultural backgrounds, customs, and unique cultural symbols, each of which exhibit different sides of the region’s rich and prolific culture. The history of settlement in the region dates back to prehistoric times. The discovery of Huraman deeds confirms Assyrian, Median, Achaemenid and Greek rule.
The oldest evidences of human habitation have been found in archaeological excavations around the village of Hajij and belong to the Paleolithic period, which according to archaeologists, is more than 40,000 years old to about 12,000 years old. The stepped architecture of Oraman Takht and its spectacular houses have given a pyramid shape to the village, at the top of which is an ancient castle.
The 44th session of the UNESCO world heritage committee is held virtually due to the conditions and protocols resulting from the coronavirus outbreak, and only members of the international committee are present in Fuchou, China.
At this meeting, which will last until Amordad 9, 1400, 39 proposed works were reviewed by members of the World Heritage Committee, of which 22 were related to the proposed files of 2020, which session was not held due to the coronavirus pandemic.