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The victory of Lieutenant general Nader Qoli Afshar over the Ottomans in Tabriz

Today is Farvardin Izad, the 19th day of the Zoroastrian calendar, and the 14th of Shahrivar of the official solar calendar

Today is the blessed day of Farvardin Izad, the 19th of Shahrivar of the year 3759 of Zoroastrian calendar, Sunday, 14th Shahrivar of 1400 official solar calendar, and September 5, 2021 AD.

292 years ago, like today, Nader Qoli Afshar (Nader Shah was the general of Iran) recaptured Tabriz after the victory over the Ottomans. The people of Tabriz celebrated Nader’s arrival and adorned the city.

Nader Qoli Afshar (later Nader Shah), who had risen to power with his bravery in one of the lands of Khorasan, went to the help of Shah Tahmasb Safavid after the Afghan invasion of Isfahan and defeated the Afghans. He then sent an ambassador to the Ottoman government and demanded the evacuation of the occupied territories of Azerbaijan. The Ottomans ignored the ambassador of Nader Shah and insisted on occupying Azerbaijan. Then, Nader entered Tabriz with the help of his allies and took it back in 1729. Nader Shah was crowned in 1735.

On the one hand, the Ottoman government and Tsarist Russia, on the other, took advantage of the turbulent situation in Iran to invade Iranian territory along the Caspian Sea and in western Iran. Through the mediation of the French ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, the two governments signed an agreement known as Iran treaty or the Istanbul agreement, based on which they “divided the occupied territories among themselves.” According to this agreement, the coastal lands of the Caspian Sea were ceded to Russia, and a new borderline was drawn from the Aras-Kor border to Ardabil. The western parts of this borderline were ceded to the Ottomans, including the city of Tabriz. Meanwhile, Ashraf Afghan called for the Ottomans to retreat from the occupied territories of Iran. Following the opposition of the Ottoman court, Ashraf Afghan started the war with Ahmad Pasha, the commander of the Iraq front line, and was defeated. Finally, on October 4, 1726, Ashraf signed a contract in Hamedan, recognizing the Ottoman rule in western Iran.

These events begin with the invasion of the Afghans and the fall of Isfahan, and with the Ottoman invasion of Eastern Armenia (Iranian part), the conquest of Yerevan, and continued with the emergence of the famous Nader, Tahmasb Gholi Khan’s general, and his great factories over Afghan and Ottamans and the re-establishment of the Iranian rule.

The first month of each year and the nineteenth day of each month is called Farvardin (Faravahar or Fravashi). The day “Farvardin”, which in Pahlavi is pronounced ‘Farvarten”, is derived from the word “Afroratinam” in the ancient Persian language and means the souls of the pure and faravahar of the virtuous. Farvardin is the same as faravahar. Fravahar is a particle of light placed in everyone’s body to guide the soul to the right path. Fravahar never takes corruption, and after the body’s death, elevates high and joins its source. Zoroastrians wear new clothes on this day and commemorate their dead.

Zoroastrians wear new clothes on this day and remember their dead. According to Zoroastrians, faravahr is the spirit of the dead and those who have not yet been born.

Faravahar’s place is with God, and when someone dies. His spirit joins his faravahar, and when someone is born, the soul separates from faravahar and joins his body in the world.

According to Avesta, man has five powers, some of which are dead and some immortal. These forces are as follows:

Ahu: In Persian, this word can be interpreted as the power of dynamism, movement and life. This force is created by the human body and is destroyed by the death of the body.

Daena: In Persian, this word can be translated as religion or conscience and inverted (unlike: “Ahu”, this power is neither the start nor the end). This power is given to a man or woman upon his/her birth and goes to the spiritual world with death. Conscience is the conscious and divine institution of man and prevents man from doing wrong.

Baoz: It is the power of understanding, perception and intelligence. This power is meant to distinguish good from evil.

Oron: In Persian, this power means soul. It is upon the soul to accept the right path and avoid evil with the help of the power of baoz, because in the afterlife, it is the soul that is held accountable. In pursuit of good, there will be a good end, and in search of evil, there will be a bad end.

The Amaranthus is a symbol of this day in Zoroastrianism.

The 14th of Shahrivar is:

Birthday of Caro Lucas Ghukasian (Born on Shahrivar 14, 1328 in Isfahan – passed away on Tir 17, 1389, in Tehran) Prominent scientist, one of the famous intelligent systems researchers in Iran.

Birthday of Badiozzaman Forouzanfar (Born on Shahrivar 14, 1276 in Boshrouyeh- passed away on Ordibehshet 16, 1349 in Tehran) Prominent writer and professor of Persian language and literature.

Death memorial of Houshang Irani (born in 1304, Hamedan- passed away on Shahrivar 14, 1352, France) Poet, translator, painter, critic and journalist.

Death memorial of Farhang Mehrparvar (born on Esfand 11, 1324 in Tehran- passed away on Shahrivar 14, 1373 in Tehran) Actor in cinema, television and radio.

 

 

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